Tuesday, 28 February 2023 00:00

Causes of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

The tarsal tunnel is an area where multiple tendons, ligaments, and nerves connect  One nerve in this tunnel is the tibial nerve . Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when this nerve is pinched for various reasons. These can include enduring an ankle injury, rolling the ankle inward while walking or running, or if there is a mass or cyst. Some of the symptoms patients may experience with this condition can consist of burning pain, numbness, or tingling in the arch of the foot. Treatment often begins with resting the affected foot and wearing custom made orthotics. In addition to this, wearing supportive shoes can have a positive impact in providing mild relief. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to permanently repair the tibial nerve. If you think you may have tarsal tunnel syndrome, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can offer you expert advice on proper treatment methods.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact one of our podiatrists of Centers for Foot & Ankle Care. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Merrillville, Portage, Michigan City/LaPorte, and Schererville, IN . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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