In addition to the many bones, tendons, ligaments, and muscles found in the foot, it also contains bursa. These sacs of fluid act as cushions between tendons, muscles, and bones, and can be found in the heel. When a bursa becomes inflamed, it is called bursitis. There are two types of heel bursitis, retrocalcaneal and subcutaneous calcaneal. Retrocalcaneal bursa are found in the back of the ankle near the heel. When it becomes inflamed, it can be mistaken for Achilles tendonitis because it develops behind the heel. It is caused by overuse or repetitive activity – too much walking, running, or jumping. It can be set off by changes in the level of activity, improper training, or a history of arthritis. Subcutaneous calcaneal bursitis is the result of a thinning of the heel pad, and the pain seems to radiate from inside the heel. Ill-fitting footwear, being overweight, stress fractures, and tumors on the foot all can contribute to heel bursitis. If you are experiencing heel pain, it is suggested you consult a podiatrist for a complete examination to determine the cause and find the appropriate treatment options.
Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists of Centers for Foot & Ankle Care. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Causes of Heel Pain
Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.
Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.
Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.
Why Might Heel Pain Occur?
- Wearing ill-fitting shoes
- Wearing non-supportive shoes
- Weight change
- Excessive running
Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.
If you have any questions please contact one of our offices located in Merrillville, Portage, Michigan City/LaPorte, and Schererville, IN . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.